The Eleventh was enlisted June 17, 1861, at Lynchburg, Va., with 972 men, rank and file, though several of the companies had been in camp for two or three months. Proceeding to Virginia, it reached Winchester in July, and was brigaded under Gen. E.K. Smith of Florida. It remained between Alexandria and Centreville, and near Manassas, till the army moved over to Yorktown. Gen. J.H. Forney of Calhoun had been in temporary command of the brigade, and was succeeded during the winter by Gen. Wilcox.
The regiment fell back to Richmond, and was first under fire at Seven Pines, where it lost 9 killed and 49 wounded. It charged the enemy in a strong position at Gaines' Mill, and in a few minutes lost 27 killed and 129 wounded. But it was at Frazier's farm, three days after, that the Eleventh, and other regiments of the brigade, charged across an open field and engaged in a bloody struggle over the enemy's batteries, wherein the bayonet was the chief weapon, and where it lost the commanding officers of eight companies, and a total of 182 killed and wounded.
The regiment was under fire at the second battle of Manassas, and lost 25 killed and wounded. It was part of the investing force at Harper's Ferry, and hastened to Sharpsburg, where it was engaged with a loss of thirty-five killed and wounded. It wintered at Rappahannock, and was exposed at Fredericksburg, where the casualties were 12 killed and wounded. As part of Wilcox's brigade, it fought Sedgwick at Salem, where it lost 117 killed and wounded. With the army, it moved into Pennsylvania, and was badly cut up at Gettysburg.
The command wintered near Orange Courthouse 1863-4, and tried to gather strength for the last great struggle. At the Wilderness and Spottsylvania the regiment was at close quarters with the foe, and lost about 65 men. Gen. Sanders of Greene was now in command of the brigade. From the Wilderness to Petersburg almost constant skirmishing occurred, and from June 22 to June 30, the loss was about 80 killed and wounded.
The Eleventh was in the column that retook the line broken at the "Crater", losing about 40 men, and from August 16 to October 17, which includes the effort to retake the Weldon Railroad, the loss in killed, wounded, and captured was 76. It fought at Burgess' Mill, with severe loss, and was sternly confronting the foe at Appomattox when astounded by the news of the surrender. There were only about 125 of the regiment present there for duty, Capt. Stewart of Pickens commanding. Of 1192 names on its muster roll, over 270 fell in battle, about 200 died of disease, 170 were discharged, and 80 were transferred.
Field and Staff
Colonels - Sydenham Moore of Greene; mortally wounded at Seven Pines. J.C.C. Sanders of Greene; wounded at Gettysburg; promoted. George E. Tayloe of Marengo.
Lieutenant Colonels - Stephen F. Hale of Greene; killed at Gaines' Mill. George E. Tayloe of Marengo.
Majors - Isham W. Garrott of Perry; resigned. Archibald Gracie of Mobile; resigned. George Fields of Greene; resigned. Richard J. Fletcher of Washington; disabled at Gettysburg; retired.
Adjutants - Holcombe of Marengo; transferred to line. Walter E. Winn of Marengo; transferred to staff duty. R.Y. Ashe of Marengo; killed near Petersburg. C. Watlington of Marengo.
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Cames.
Marengo - Young M. Moody of Marengo; resigned. .... Holcombe; killed at Frazier's farm. John B. Rains.
Greene - George Fields; promoted. William Bratton; killed at Frazier's Farm. George Clark.
Greene - J.C.C. Sanders; wounded at Frazier's Farm. B.T. Higginbotham; wounded at Salem; resigned. R.M. Kennedy; wounded at Petersburg.
Marengo - George E. Tayloe; promoted. John H. Prince.
Washington and Clarke - R.J. Fletcher; promoted. John James; killed at second Cold Harbor.
Bibb - James L. Davidson; resigned. .... Cadell; killed at Petersburg. Zachariah Abney.
Tuskaloosa - James McMath; killed at Frazier's Farm. John B. Hughes; wounded.
Pickens - Reuben Chapman; resigned. M.L. Stewart.
Fayette - .... Trawick; removed. .... Bell; killed at Frazier's Farm. .... Harris; killed at the Crater.
Perry - Henry Talbird; resigned. Mat. M. England; died in the service. Walter C. Y. Parker; mortally wounded at Frazier's Farm. James L. Brazelton; killed at Petersburg. Edward R. Lucas.
My ancestors in the 11th Alabama